Petitioner Rosa Khanal Singh’s bid for asylum in the United States has faced setback after her application was rejected by the Bureau of Immigration Appeals (BIA). Singh sought safe haven entirely based on claims of past persecution and well-founded fears of persecution in Nepal.
This blog delves into the legacy of Singh’s case, examining the main events of her application, the felony standards for asylum, and the motives behind the denial of her petition.


Singh entered the U.S. in 2012 on a short-term visa but overstayed, a major appearance notice in 2016. She sought asylum, withholding of removal, protection under the Convention against Torture, and voluntary departure. Singh’s claim for asylum was rooted in the 2007 persecution she faced in Nepal at the hands of Maoist insurgents. Her testimony determined the harrowing experience along with the attack on her family and the kidnapping of her son.

An immigration judge (IJ) found Singh’s testimony credible but denied her asylum and detention of removal packages. Singh’s number one claim turned out to be that the Nepali authorities turned out to be unwilling or unable to defend her. The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) upheld that choice and invited Singh to file for review.

Legal standards and challenges:

To be granted asylum, an applicant must demonstrate, outside of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution, based on precise grounds, which include political opinion or membership of a particular social group. Singh’s case centered on her claim of persecution by Maoist insurgents, and she bore the burden of proof that the Nepali government had turned unwilling or unable to defend her.

Singh argued that the trading company erred in relying on the 2017 Country Conditions Report instead of the 2007 report and not taking judicial notice of it. However, the Court held that Singh had not exhausted those arguments before the BIA, precluding a decision on those grounds.

Agency Findings and Substantial Evidence:

The BIA, which upheld the IJ’s selection, found that Singh had failed to ensure that the Nepalese authorities had ceased to be willing or able to control the Maoist insurgents. The BIA considered evidence such as Singh’s testimony, the Nepalese Navy’s response to the attack, and Singh’s failure to document the kidnapping to the police.
Singh argued that a 2007 human rights report and a 2012 New York Times article supported her claims about the government’s lack of capacity. However, the BIA determined that the evidence did not now conclusively demonstrate an unwillingness or lack of ability to protect Singh.


In reviewing Singh’s petition, the trial court applied an overwhelming evidentiary standard and upheld the BIA’s decision. Despite Singh’s compelling account of past persecution, the court found that direct evidence of the government’s ability to effectively intervene outweighed Singh’s arguments. The denial of asylum and denial of removal was based entirely on a lack of evidence that the Nepalese government was unwilling or unable to defend her, following the legal requirements for such claims.

Singh’s case illustrates the complicated nature of asylum applications and the strict requirements that applicants want to meet to be strong. While her story evokes empathy, criminal conduct requires a careful examination of the evidence and adherence to established necessities, ultimately leading to the rejection of Singh’s request for a comparison.
The case of Rosa Khanal Singh highlights the importance of reliable criminal evidence in managing complex asylum proceedings. In conditions where people like Singh seek refuge mostly based on past persecution and fear of damaging fate, legal organization becomes essential.

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